Welcome to Ghana
Ghana is located on the Gulf of Guinea only a few degrees north of the Equator, therefore given it a warm climate. Ghana lies between 4 degrees and 12 degrees North, and longitudes 4 degrees West and the Prime Meridian passes through Ghana, specifically through the industrial port town of Tema.Â Ghana is geographically closer to the centre of the world than any other counry in the world even though the notional centre, (0o.0o) is located in the Atlantic Ocean approximately 614km off the south-east coast of Ghana in the Gulf of Guinea mixed with south coastal shrublands and forests dominate south Ghana, with forest extending northward from the south-west coast of Ghana.Â Ghana is primary location for mining of industrial minerals and timber.Â The total population of Ghana is 24.97 million.Â
Tourism is a rapidly growing sector particularly among South Americans, Asians, European, Americans, and other internationsl connected to the Ghanaian diaspora abroad. Ghana's political and economic stability, low crime arate, and wide use of English make the counry an attractive entrypoint to West Africa as well as ub-saharan Africa for foreginers.Â UNESCO World Heritage sites and Castles and Forts including Cape coast Castle and Elmina Castle, natural landscpaes and ntuona parks such as Kakum National Park and Mole National Part, as well as public squares such as Independence square and cultural celebrationsÂ such as Panafest are major centres of tourist activities.Â Â The climate of Ghana is tropical and there are two main seasons in Ghana: the wet and dry seasons.Â North Ghana experiences its rainy seasons from March to November whiles South Ghana exoeriences its rainy season from April to mid-November.Â The tropical climate of Ghana is relatively mild for its latitude.Â The harmattan, a dry desert wind, blows in north-east ghana from December to march, lowering the the humidity and causing hot days and cool nights in northen part of Ghana.Â Average temperatures range from 21 degree celcius to 28 degrees celcius with a ralative humidity between 77 percent and 85 percent.Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â
Ghana's culture is the life and history of its different tribal/ethnic groups.Â The major ethnic groups areÂ Akan 50%, Mole-DagbonÂ 15.5%, EweÂ 12%, Ga-Dangme 7.5%, Guan 4%, Gurma 4%, GurunsiÂ 2.5%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.5%, other (Hausa, Zabarema,Fulani)Â ) 2% (2000 census). Each Ethnic group is broken down into many different sub ethnic groups all with there own different language/ dialectÂ and culture.Â
Presently, Ghana has 18,530 primary schools, 8,850 junior secondary schools, 900 senior secondary schools, 28 training colleges, 20 technical institutions, 4 diploma-awarding institutions, 8 public universities and over 10 private universities. Most Ghanaians have relatively easy access to primary and secondary education. These numbers can be contrasted with the single university and handful of secondary and primary schools that existed at the time of independence in 1957. Ghana's spending on education has varied between 28 and 40 percent of its annual budget in the past decade. All teaching is done in English, Ghana's official language.
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