Welecome to RAILS Gambia, a site that satisfies all your agricultural data and information needs

The climate is typically “Sudano Sahelian” characterized by a short monomodal rainy season (June to October) followed by a long-dry season (November to May) characterized by the Harmattan Wind. Average temperatures range from 18 to 30 degrees Celsius during the dry season and 23 to 33 degrees Celsius during the rainy season. The relative humidity is about 68% along the coast and 41% inland during the dry season and generally about 77% throughout the country during the rainy season. Average annual rainfall is about 1,000mm but ranges from 850mm-2,200mm depending on the agro-ecological zone. Total agricultural land for The Gambia is put at 1,036,534 ha classified according to suitability, and about 555,000 ha are considered suitable for agricultural production. About 481,534ha are unsuitable and would need development before could be used for agricultural production. The Gambia, as is the case with the other CILSS member countries, is facing two forms of food insecurity: