Research information from Organisations and projects in Kenya

Projects with partners - Kenya (79)

  • ACLUSA - Adaptation of Landuse to Climate Change in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Goal: Development of a data and knowledge base that gives easily accessible information to assist local land-users in adapting to climate change in their specific region Purpose: Assist local farmers and every kind of land-user to adapt their land use practices to expected climate-change

  • African Network for Agriculture, Agroforestry and Natural Resources Education (ANAFE)

    The African Network for Agriculture, Agroforestry and Natural Resources Education (ANAFE) is a network of 127 educational institutions in Africa whose objective is to strengthen the teaching of multi-disciplinary approaches to land management. The ANAFE Coordination Unit is hosted at the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) headquarters in Nairobi. This provides a vantage for network management, linkages with the research and development activities of ICRAF and its partners, and convenient communication facilities.

  • Anthropogenic risk factors and management of biodiversity for rural livelihood around East African rain forests

    The research will focus on the Kakamega district of Kenya. The object of the study is a land use gradient centering on the Kakamega Forest from peri-urban land use systems with settlements and intensive plantation crops close to the city of Kakamega to the extensively used Kakamega forest margin (subsistence agriculture and agro-forestry). The subproject will (1) study the role of biodiversity on performance indicators of agricultural production and other economic activities, (2) determine the causative factors and social and economic implications of biodiversity and (3) propose options for the sustainable management of biodiversity.

  • Application and promotion of FMSP participatory fisheries stock assessment (ParFish

    To test, revise and widely promote the ParFish approach, through field testing, a training workshop and communication and promotion activities, to improve sustainable utilisation of artisanal fisheries resources in developing countries to contribute to the livelihoods of the poor.

  • Application of GIS in the Analysis, Modeling and Management of Floods and Floodplains

    Application of GIS in the Analysis, Modeling and Management of Floods and Floodplains

  • Arresting the scourge of striga on sorghum in Africa by combining the strengths of marker-assisted backcrossing and farmer-participatory selection

    Major Research Domain: striga, sorghum, marker-assisted back crosssing, farmer-participatory backcrossing Goal: To increase household food security in sorghum-growing, Striga-infested areas of Eritrea, Kenya, Mali and Sudan through improved sorghum production

  • Banana tissue culture: community dissemination pathways for delivery of high quality planting material to create markets for African farmers

    Goal: To ensure sustainable small-scale banana production in Eastern and Southern Africa, and to optimize the use and preservation of banana biodiversity Purpose: To generate efficient market pathways to supply, cultivate and market high quality planting material to small-scale farmers through the promotion of novel and sustainable partnerships between farmers and private enterprises, which are supported by improved institutional policies

  • Kapacitetsopbygning: Biosikkerhed og økologisk konsekvensvurdering af transgene planter i det østlige Afrika

    Food security is a major concern in Africa, and there is an urgent need for tools to increase crop production on this continent. Gene technology may be one of the many tools that may be used. However, one of the main obstacles to adaption of this technology, vividly demonstrated recently by the genetically modified (GM)-maize food aid crisis in southern Africa, is the lack of capacity to assess the agricultural and ecological impacts of introducing GM crops. There is, therefore, need for capacity building within the field of risk assessment/risk analysis. The long-term vision of the project is to build up capacity to cope with the challenges of introducing genetically modified crops in East Africa by developing a platform for capacity building on biosafety impact assessment of transgenic plants.

  • Biosafety Testing Methodologies for Transgenic Plants (GMO ERA Project)

    There is wide recognition that the regulatory and scientific capacity for conducting risk assessments of GMOs needs to be strengthened in most developing countries. The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety of Living Modified Organisms under the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) requires that parties cooperate in the development and/or strengthening of human resources and institutional capacities in biosafety. The project works in three focal countries, Brazil, Kenya and Vietnam, all of which have expressed the need for resources and capacity for environmental risk assessment, and which can act as centers of expertise for their regions. The goal of the project is to develop scientific methodologies for the environmental risk assessment of transgenic plants (referred to in the proposal as GMO-ERA). The two central goals for Phase II are 1) to enable the scientists from the focal developing countries to develop and implement independently the environmental risk assessment models that have been jointly developed by the project, including contributing to the regulatory process, and 2) to expand and generalize the use of project products to neighbouring developing countries.

  • Camel milk products of high hygienic quality and safety, for increased income and reduced health risks in Kenya

    The overall objective of the project is to increase the added value of camel milk through development of market-oriented fermented milk products of high quality and prolonged shelf life, creating income and improving (in the long term) the standard of living in the region.

  • Capitalisation of Livestock Programme Experiences India (CALPI)

    CALPI is a programme of SDC-IC focused on livestock based livelihood systems in India. It seeks to capitalize on SDC - IC's rich experiences in the livestock sector so as to significantly influence the policy frame conditions in such a way that the priorities and challenges of the rural livelihood systems are effectively addressed and the rural poor, particularly women, benefit from the emerging opportunities. This objective is envisaged to be achieved through projects focused on seven thematic areas namely: (i) Livestock Policy Development, (ii) Livestock Service Delivery, (iii) Livestock Environment Interactions, (iv) Professional Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Education, (v) Knowledge Networks and Research Partnerships, (vi) Livestock Products Marketing and (vii) Human and Institutional Development.

  • Catchment Management for the Control and Prediction of Sediment Delivery to Reservoirs: The Case of Tansa River Basin, Kenya

    Catchment Management for the Control and Prediction of Sediment Delivery to Reservoirs: The Case of Tansa River Basin, Kenya

  • Collective Action and Property Rights (system-wide program)

    To contribute to poverty reduction by identifying effective policies and practices that enhance the ways that collective action and property rights are used to build secure assets and income streams for and by the poor.To provide policymarkers, NGOs, and community groups with knowledge of the factores that strengthen rights of the poor to land and water resource and lead to more effective collective action by the poor

  • Collective Action and Property Rights for Poverty Reduction

    To contribute to poverty reduction by identifying effective policies and practices that enhance the ways that collective action and property rights are used to build secure assets and income streams for and by the poor To provide policymarkers, NGOs, and community groups with knowledge of the factores that strengthen rights of the poor to land and water resource and lead to more effective collective action by the poor

  • Comprehensive analysis and initial exploitation of resistance to wheat stem rust race Ug99

    The proposed project aims to (1) identify and genetically characterize sources of effective host plant resistance; and (2) identify QTL which contribute to durable adult plant resistance; This will be achieved through (1) field screening in Kenya of germplasm from CIMMYT and other collaborators; (2) collaborative gene postulation and QTL studies with CIMMYT and ARIs. It is expected that the above activities result in identification of novel and diverse sources of stem rust resistance that can be used for Kenya and global wheat improvement to protect wheat crop in countries of North Africa, Middle East and Asia.

  • Consortium for Improving Agriculture-based Livelihoods in Central Africa (CIALCA)

    CIALCA is a new initiative to revitalize the agricultural smallholder sector in Central Africa. The geographic focus lies on DR Congo, Rwanda and Burundi. 3 specific projects are joined within the activities of the Consortium: 1. Impact Pathways in Musa-based Systems (INIBAP ) 2. Sustainable and Profitable Banana-based Systems (IITA) 3. Enhancing resilience of agro-ecosystems (TSBF-CIAT). Local coordinator: N. Sanginga; Belgian coordinator: R. Merckx

  • Developement of new diagnostic tools for contagious bovine pleuro-pneumonia: Identification of appropriate antigens using a proteomics approach

    Goal: Development of improved diagnostic tools for contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP), as part of an integrated control strategy Purpose: A diagnostic test able to detect chronically infected animals

  • Developing optimised cattle breeding schemes, with a special focus on trypanotolerance, based on the demands and opportunities of poor livestock-keepers

    The main objectives of the project are to identify poor farmers’ demand for genetic improvement and identify routes by which they can participate and access improved genetic material; to assess ways by which farmers can make efficient use of improved genetic materials via community based management. In this context one emphasis will be on identification of superior trypanotolerant genotypes and investigation of the barriers to disseminating such genotypes. In addition, optimal technical designs of animal breeding programs that address the needs and preferences of the farmers will be designed. Finally the combination of the results of the project’s activities should lead into recommendations for practical and appropriate genetic improvement design for (Eastern) Africa.

  • Developing Striga control strategies for cropping systems in Kenya (Phase II)

    Goal: Development and extension of sustainable cropping systems adapted to western Kenya that control Striga and improve production.

  • Development and implementation of a sustainable IPM program for major mango pests and opportunity for improving market information and processing in sub-Saharan Africa

    To enhance food security and income generation capacity in the targeted countries in East and West Africa To develop and implement in collaboration with international and national partners effective approaches to reduction of mango loses due to insect infestation leading to quality

  • Development of a database and retrieval system for the selection of tropical forages for farming systems in the tropics and subtropics

    Goal: To develop a knowledge system for the identification of forages suitable for specified niches within smallholder farming systems. Major Results Achieved: Design of database completed, based on interaction of partners involved in project and expert consultation in Bangkok workshop.

  • Development of environmentally friendly management methods for red spider mites in small-holder tomato production systems in Eastern and Southern Africa (Phase II)

    Goal: To develop an integrated and biological control programme for RSM on tomatoes in Eastern and Southern Africa Major Results Achieved: The second phase of the project started in July 2002. So far, all activities could be executed as planned with the exception of the resistance screening in Zambia due to the death of Dr. Mebelo

  • Desarrollo de nuevas técnicas de diagnóstico y vigilancia epidemiológica de enfermedades virales de ganado en África

    The project seeks to build on the initial succesful collaboration between INIA and ILRI on three viral diseases: African Swine Fever (ASF), Rift Valley Fever (RVF) and Lumpy skin disease (LSD), that arae important in constraining trade in Africa. Sensitive and specific diagnostic test to discriminate livestock pathogens are essential for disease surveillance and to support cost effective and targeted deployment of control measures. Such diagnostic tools enable collection of data for input to impact assesment and modelling of health constraints to livestock production and both regional and International trade.

  • Drinking water treatment in Tanzania using purified seed extracts from the pan-tropical tree Moringa oleifera

    River water is almost the exclusive drinking water source for many tropical developing countries and treatment processes heavily depend on chemical water treatment agents. Naturally occurring alternatives are generally considered as being safe and have therefore been investigated for decades. Of particular interest is the pan-tropical tree Moringa oleifera, since grounded seed powder have traditionally been used for the clarification of turbid drinking water. Of special interest is the fact, that the active compounds from seeds can be extracted from the press-cake, an agricultural waste product accumulating after a high quality vegetable oil has been processed. The specific research project objectives are: To validate a novel extraction procedure recycling a locally available agricultural waste product for the processing of purified seed extracts suitable for drinking water treatment. To evaluate purified seed extracts harbouring coagulant and antimicrobial activities under actual conditions occurring in tropical developing countries. To develop a method for implementing a purified Moringa seed extract into local drinking water treatment works.

  • Economic evaluation and international implementation of community-based forecasting of armyworm

    Objectives: Strategies developed to improve forecasting and reduce the impact of migrant pests in semi-arid cropping systems, for benefit of poor people. Background: Farmers, District Agricultural Officers, chemical suppliers, extension officers, a pesticide registration officer and district agricultural managers were involved in developing the ideas which underpin the community-based forecasting approach. An initial socioeconomic survey assessed whether farmers were interested in carrying out their own armyworm forecasting and in what way they are willing to respond to forecasts, either local or national. Participatory methods were used in the pilot studies and during the first year, traps were successfully operated and forecasts made by all the participating villages. A forecasting pack in both Kiswahili and English was produced to accompany training. This included basic information about armyworms and how they can be forecast, instructions on how to operate the pheromone trap, the rain gauge, and how to record and interpret the data to make the forecast.

  • Economic impact assessment as a decision-making tool for resource allocation in horticultural research in East Africa

    Major Research Domain: economic impact assessment, vegetable production, horticulture, integrated pest management Goal: Contribute to sustainable vegetable production in Africa

  • Effect of Lime, Abruscular Mycorriza Colonization and Soybean Intercrop on an Availability and Maize Yield in an Acid Soil

    Effect of Lime, Abruscular Mycorriza Colonization and Soybean Intercrop on an Availability and Maize Yield in an Acid Soil

  • Environmental Implications of Tourism in Kenya: The Case of Ecotourism in Kakamega Forest National Reserve

    Environmental Implications of Tourism in Kenya: The Case of Ecotourism in Kakamega Forest National Reserve

  • Environmental Scarcity, Pastoralism, and Conflict: The Case of the Ewaso Nyiro River Basin in Kenya

    Environmental Scarcity, Pastoralism, and Conflict: The Case of the Ewaso Nyiro River Basin in Kenya

  • Evaluation of Organic Strategies for Soil Fertility and Plant Health Management for Sustainable Crop Production in Kenya

    Evaluation of Organic Strategies for Soil Fertility and Plant Health Management for Sustainable Crop Production in Kenya

  • Evaluation of White Lupin's Impact on Nitrogen and Phosphate Nutrition of Maize in an Intercropping System in East Africa

    This project aims at assessing the feasibility of introducing white lupin into the African agricultural systems, in order to improve the soil fertility in nitrogen and phosphate. White lupin is a leguminous plant which, in addition to the symbiotic nitrogen fixation, is also able to acquire phosphate from soils where its availability is very low. This ability to grow in conditions where P is poorly available is due the formation of special root structures, called cluster roots, which excrete large amounts of organic acids. The acquired knowledge on white lupin’s cluster roots derives mostly from studies in hydroponic cultures and pot experiments. We want to expand the knowledge on white lupin’s excretion physiology and acquisition of phosphate to field conditions. We plan to compare yields, plant fitness as well as soil properties in fields where maize, lupin or maize intercropped with lupin is planted. We hope to show i) that the root-related processes unraveled in hydroponic systems also hold true in real field conditions, ii) that white lupin is able to grow with no or only little P fertilization and iii) that it can improve the acquisition of N and P by maize.

  • Expanding biological control of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. in Eastern and Southern Africa

    Major Research Domain: diamond back moth, Plutella xylostella, biological control, Diadegma semiclausum, parasitoids Goal: Enhance food security and reduce poverty through sustainable vegetable production.

  • Improved access to appropriate farm inputs for integrated maize crop management by small-scale farmers in Kenya and Tanzania

    Objectives: Strategies developed and promoted to reduce the impact of pests on poor peoples’ crops and to improve quality and yield from maize-based systems. Background: The main objective is to improve the food security of small-scale farmers through improving their access to, and rapid dissemination of technology to improve crop production (appropriate fertilisers, lime) and crop protection (MSV-tolerant maize varieties, herbicides). Research has shown that poor soil fertility, high weed infestation, and Maize Streak Virus (MSV) seriously depress yields of maize. Technology to address these constraints is available, but not accessible to small-scale farmers. Working in co-operation with the private sector, FIPS Africa staff promote small packets of improved fertiliser (1 kg), and improved MSV-tolerant maize varieties through local stockists. Having experimented with these small packets, small farmers return to the stockists to purchase larger quantities of these inputs to improve their food security.

  • Improving farmer and other stakeholders' access to quality information and products for pre- and post- harvest maize systems management in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania

    Objectives: New knowledge is generated and promoted into how national innovation systems can be mobilised to sustain uptake and adoption of CPH knowledge for the benefit of the poor. Specifically to provide innovative learning tools and products, to address the pre- and post- harvest training needs identified by maize seed system stakeholders in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania, using both existing and novel promotion pathways. Background: While working on improving farmers' access to and management of disease resistant maize cultivars, the demand for further information and post-harvest training tools for use by stockists, public sector service providers, private companies and farmers was raised again and again, reflecting the changing context in which these stakeholders are operating.

  • Improving the livelihoods of poor live-stock keepers in Africa through community based management of indigenous farm animal genetic resources

    Major Research Domain: livestock, animal genetic resources, community based management Goal: To improve the livelihoods of poor livestock-keepers in Africa through community-based management of indigenous farm animal genetic resources

  • Improving the value of maize as livestock feed and to enhance the livelihoods of maize-livestock farmers in East Africa

    Major Research Domain: maize, livestock feed, dual-purpose maize Goal: To investigate the potential of dual-purpose maize to enhance the livelihoods of resource poor crop-livestock farmers of East Africa

  • INCO 2:Control of rinderpest (rp) and peste des petits ruminants (ppr) infections: development of oral vaccine, role of wildlife in the maintenance of these diseases

    Project Reference: ICA4-CT-2000-30027 PROPOSAL for INCO-DEV (call identifier: ICFP599A4PROl): PROPOSAL ABSTRACT (maximum 1000 characters) Because of their high mortality and high morbidity rates, rinderpest (RP) and peste des petits ruminants (PPR) are dreaded animal diseases which are drawing back the animal production in many developing countries (Africa, Asia).

  • Individual and combined effects of five quantitative trait loci on resistance to the parasitic weed Striga hermonthica in Sorghum bicolor under field conditions in Mali and Sudan

    Goal: The resulting unique set of sorghum genotypes introgressed with different quantitative trait loci (genes) for striga resistance offer the exceptional possibility to investigate effects of the five different gene loci individually and in combination. It has therefore a high potential for developmental impact through more targeted plant breeding for striga resistance in sorghum and offers the possibility to identify adapted genotypes of sorghum with stable striga resistance which can be used directly as improved cultivars in four countries of Africa. Purpose: Analyse the individual and combined effect of 5 QTL for striga resistance in sorghum for future integrated striga management through MABC, and assist four NARS to verify the value of developed Striga resistant FPSVs to justify release into seed systems in Mali, Eritrea, Kenya and Sudan

  • Fortalecimiento Institucional para el uso sostenible de los recursos en la Región Amazónica

    The project framework is regional collaboration addressing improved land use practices and natural resource management in the Amazon Basin countries. The Amazon Initiative Consortium (AI) for Conservation and Sustainable Resources Use is a regional organization consisting of public sector representatives of the Amazon countries (Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela), and other national, regional and international institutions that are interested in improving the sustainable use of natural resources in this vulnerable ecosystem. The developmental objective of this project is to strengthen the governance-related aspects of the Amazon Initiative Consortium (AI) and improve the capacity building and knowledge sharing activities of the Amazon basin-based research and development institutions.

  • Integrated control of thrips in vegetables in eastern Africa

    Enhance food security and reduce poverty through sustainable crop production Pest status of thrips greatly reduced by environmentally friendly control methods

  • Integrated Soil Fertility Management Strategies to Enhance Food Security in the Central Highlands of Kenya

    Integrated Soil Fertility Management Strategies to Enhance Food Security in the Central Highlands of Kenya Promotor: R. Merckx

  • Integration of multipurpose trees in mixed crop-livestock watershed systems for feed production and soil conservation

    Major Research Domain: Integrated watershed management, multipurpose trees, soil fertility, improved crop-livestock systems Priority: 3 Goal: Improved natural resource management on watershed level through livestock oriented agroforestry, soil conservation and nutrient management Purpose: Develop sustainable livestock-cropping systems for small scale farmers

  • Large-scale deployment of improved sweetpotatoes in sub-Saharan Africa

    Goal: To strengthen and extend a platform for partnerships that will deliver new sweetpotato production technologies to large numbers of farmers quickly and efficiently

  • Less loss, more profit, better health: reducing the losses caused by the pod borer (Maruca vitrata) on Vegetable legumes in Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa by refining component technologies of a sustainable management strategy

    Goal: To contribute to improving livelihoods through sustainable vegetable legume production systems in Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Purpose: To increase income of farmers through sustainable management of legume pod borer on vegetable legumes. To increase income of farmers through sustainable management of legume pod borer on vegetable legumes.

  • Lessons from the tsunami 2004 in Aceh: Mitigation or aggravation through trees? Modeling the effect of coastal vegetation on tsunami impact in West Aceh, Indonesia

    Goal: A modeling tool that can assist coastal land-use planners in developing safer and economically viable vegetation barriers to mitigate the impact of a potential future tsunami. Purpose: To develop a robust model, an improved version of the existing one (Laso Bayas 2007) that explicitly considers the role of coastal vegetation as a tsunami mitigating factor. Additional data and evidence from a wider coastal area will be collected to validate and improve the model. Given the homogeneous off-shore factors (important to determine tsunami strength) of the West Aceh and surrounding coastal areas (such as bathymetry, coastal orientation and distance to epicenter), the area is ideal to validate the model in the field as well as to further develop it.

  • Long-term farming system comparison in the tropics (Kenya, India, Bolivia)

    The aim of this project is to assess the contribution of organic agriculture to sustainable development in long-term field trials and farm surveys. The FiBL network of long-term trials examines the contribution of organic agriculture to food security, poverty alleviation and environmental conservation. It covers cash crop oriented systems as well as subsistence crop based systems, both under a wide range of agro-ecological and socio-economic conditions. The project has been running since 2005.

  • Managing micro-organisms to enhance plant health for sustainable banana production in Eastern Africa

    Goal: Exploiting microbial interactions for enhanced banana plant health and productivity Outputs: - To find, test and apply microbial antagonists to control banana pests and diseases such as banana weevil, plant parasitic nematodes and Fusarium wilt - To establish modes of action, persistence, distribution and competition among different species and strains

  • Managing micro-organisms to enhance plant health for sustainable banana production in Eastern Africa (Phase II)

    Goal: To improve banana crop production through better, cost-effective protection against pests Purpose: To develop and deliver to farmers endophyte-enhanced tissue-culture plants with sustained protection against banana pests

  • Marker-based estimation of effective population size: Application to the conservation of indigenous African cattle populations

    The main objective of the study is the investigation of a new method, using chromosome segment homozygosity, to estimate effective population size, population history and genetic diversity of livestock breeds when no demographic data is available. In particular: Investigate through simulation studies marker based estimation of effective population size using chromosome fragments identical by descent. Estimate additional populations demography factors relevant for conservation (i.e. demographic trend, migration rates). Evaluate the proposed factors on data from taurine African cattle populations. Define a general protocol for field application.

  • Modelling Crop Growth & Nutrient Dynamics in Legume Based Organic Farming Systems in the Rift Valley Province, Kenya with the APSIM

    Modelling Crop Growth & Nutrient Dynamics in Legume Based Organic Farming Systems in the Rift Valley Province, Kenya with the APSIM

  • Mutual learning of livestock keepers and scientists for adaptation to climate change in pastoral areas

    Purpose: To enhance adaptation to climate variability through effective knowledge sharing processes in vulnerable ecosystems of the arid and semi arid lands. This refers to facilitated exchange of know-how and experiences between rural people, and not to diverse approaches where specialist farmers (promoters, farmer extensionists etc.) take on the function of the extensionist (ASALs) of Kenya. This involves development and adaptation of methods that render mutual learning between livestock keepers and scientist more effective.

  • New policy mechanisms to mitigate wildlife-livestock conflicts in Bandhavgarh National Park in India

    The goal of this interdisciplinary project is to assess the potential of new plicy mechanisms, in particular performance payments, to mitigate wildlife-livestock conflicts. Performance payments are made to livestock herders based on the number of carnivore offspring that are certified on the livestock's grazing grounds.

  • Participatory development and testing of strategies to reduce climate vulnerability of poor farm households in East Africa through innovations in potato and sweet potato technologies and enabling policies

    Goal: Reduce climate vulnerability of poor farm households in East Africa through adoption of potato- and sweet potato-based technologies and enabling policies that increase the resilience and sustainability of agricultural systems Purpose: Adaptation strategies for poor farm households in East Africa based on new potato and sweet potato technologies and enabling policies are adopted by farmers and other stakeholders

  • Peri-urban mangroves forests as filters and potential phytoremediators of domestic sewage in East Africa (PUMPSEA)

    Mangroves in all probability filter discharged wastewater, thereby limiting coastal sewage pollution. This project aims to demonstrate this ecosystem service and to examine its ecological and socio-economical effects. It will develop the technology for using constructed mangrove wetlands for secondary treatment of domestic sewage water. It will examine the feasibility of 'strategic reforestation and conservation' in sewage hotspot areas, to encourage natural mangrove filtration of discharged wastewater. It will develop an implementation plan for the exploitation of the developed technology and know-how, based on analysis of governance, policy, cost and financing options. The work will take place in peri-urban mangrove areas of Maputo (Mozambique), Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) and Mombasa (Kenya). It will include: socio-economy, condition mapping, biogeochemistry, ecology, modelling, controlled experimentation and experimental optimization of a trial wetland used for secondary treatment of sewage. Governance analysis and implementation planning will focus on Dar es Salaam, but have reference to Maputo and Mombasa.

  • Phosphorus transformations under short-duration fallows in western Kenya

    Intensified land-use without sufficient nutrient inputs has depleted the soils in the densely populated areas of Western Kenya over the last decades. Unless subsidized, inorganic fertilization is not an economic option for small farmers in the region. The International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) is therefore investigating different ways of integrating organic sources of nutrients into small farmers' land-use systems. The introduction of a short-duration fallow into the cropping system takes advantage of the bimodal rainfall pattern with two growing seasons per year, where the short rainy season's maize crop often produces little and can therefore be substituted by 7-9 months of fallow.

  • Physiological Mechanisms and their Variability for Drought Tolerance in Cassava

    Goal: Contribute to a reduction in poverty in drought prone rural environments through increased food security and income generation. Purpose: Enhancing yield and yield stability of cassava in these environments


    Crop production figures are normally adjusted for post harvest (PH) loss in order to obtain the estimates of food availability on which any relief actions are based. To date, the origin and justification of figures used to make adjustments for PH losses have not been well founded. To remedy this situation, MARS-Food Sec, in association with AIDCO and FAO, has commissioned a project to obtain more realistic figures for the PH losses of cereal grains.

  • Precision phenotyping for improving drought stress tolerant maize in southern Asia and eastern Africa

    Goal: to enhance food security and raise incomes of resource-poor farming families and consumers in southern Asia (Thailand and South China) and eastern Africa (Kenya). Purpose: To provide poor farmers with abiotic stress (mainly drought and low fertility) tolerant quality protein maize and breeders of national programs and seed companies with innovative phenotyping platforms to assess genotypic variability in drought adaptation and water use in field trials

  • Predicting climate change induced vulnerability of African agricultural systems to major insect pests through advanced insect phenology modeling, and decision aid development for adaptation planning

    Goal: African agriculture (farmers, national agricultural research institutions, policy makers, etc.) copes with the risk of exacerbating and expanding insect pests due to climate change; and, adaptation strategies minimize major pest-related crop losses. Purpose: • Vulnerability of crops to pests induced by climate change determined through phenology modeling, and a database on temperature-driven phenology models developed and computeraide tools provided for pest risk mapping and adaptation planning. • Scientists and IPM practitioners use the project tools for: country-specific pest risk assessments, adaptation planning, improving their pest management strategies, and for providing information to policy makers to improve national pest management and quarantine programs.

  • Promoting adoption of integrated pest management in vegetable production through improved resources for Farmer Trainers

    Objectives: Promotion of pro-poor strategies to reduce impact of key pests and diseases, improve yield and reduce pesticide hazards in peri-urban systems. Background: Vegetable production constitutes a key component of the livelihood strategy for poor farmers, providing revenues and jobs in developing countries while improving general nutrition. Often vegetable production is constrained by the negative impact of pests and diseases, low yield and quality of crops, and hazards resulting from excessive or inappropriate use of pesticides. A clear need and demand for adoption of alternative and effective pro-poor sustainable pest management strategies led to the creation of a project based in Kenya that encapsulated many beneficial strategies developed over the last ten years.

  • Promotion and dissemination of integrated pest and soil fertility management strategies to combat striga, stemborers and declining soil fertility in the Lake Victoria basin

    Objectives: Disseminate integrated pest and soil fertility management (IPSFM) options against stemborers, Striga, and declining soil fertility for maize-based production systems in the Lake Victoria Basin. Background: Maize is the most important food crop of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The major constraints to maize production, as perceived by farmers in the Lake Victoria region, are Striga hermonthica, stem borers, and low soil fertility. Under the ongoing DFID-funded Project (R8212), ICIPE, CIMMYT, TSBF-CIAT, Rothamsted Research and various national programmes are testing and disseminating integrated pest and soil fertility management approaches/strategies (IPSFM), in particular against striga, stemborers, and declining soil fertility in the Lake Victoria Basin of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. This project is helping to enhance food security, income generation, and environmental sustainability leading to reduction in poverty in the Lake Victoria basin of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, and will result in an overall improvement in livelihood status.

  • Promotion of bean pest IPM

    Objectives: Promotion of integrated pest management strategies of major insect pests of Phaseolus beans in hillsides systems in eastern, central and southern Africa. Background: The novel approach developed in Project R7965 for disseminating and promoting bean IPM options from community to community was in the past one year, incorporating the outputs from the other cluster projects into the promotion exercise to scale out to communities. While increasingly utilising the framework and uptake mechanisms of the bean networks (ECABREN, SABRN and PABRA), the participatory approach (modified farmer field school- MFFS) has helped to intensify and extend activities in Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, DR Congo and Rwanda, and helped to create awareness in Madagascar, Mozambique, Zambia and Sudan.

  • Promotion of Integrated Crop and Pest Management (ICPM) for smallholder coffee

    Objectives: Benefits for poor people generated by application of new knowledge on crop protection to smallholder coffee. Background: In 1996, the smallholder sector was in turmoil with poor prices being paid to farmers and coffee gardens neglected. Socio-economic surveys were conducted to assess the main constraints as perceived by the coffee smallholders. Farmers felt they were being unfairly treated by the Smallholder Coffee Authority [SCA] and inputs were difficult to get. Most coffee research was oriented to the estate sector in southern Malawi, and there was no information on the status of pests and diseases in the north. A previous project undertook extensive pests and disease surveys. This was followed by an eighteen month project to turn the findings of the previous project into an integrated crop and pest management system, to develop a control measure for WSB and to develop a participatory approach to promotion of the system. It is only now that the first planted Catimors are coming into full bearing and the agricultural and socio-economic advantages and disadvantages can be fully assessed.

  • Promotion of models generating national economic benefits through the control of foreign fisheries

    To engage national agencies within Kenya and Tanzania to increase local capacity for developing MCS strategies for the control of foreign fisheries. To increase national and regional awareness of new case studies and previous FMSP project outcomes and cientific literature.

  • Promotion of neglected indigenous vegetable crops for nutritional health in Eastern and Southern Africa

    Major Research Domain: vegetables, neglected crops, hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureus), African eggplants (Solanum aethiopicum, S. Macrocarpon, S. Anguivi), Amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) Ethiopian Mustard (Brassica carinata), Spiderflower (Gynandropsis gynandra), Jute Mallow (Corchorus olitorius), Nightshades (Solanum scabrum, S. americanum, S. villosum, S. Nigrum), Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus, A. Caillei), Pumpkin (Curcubita pepo, C. moschata), Moringa (Moringa olifera), Hyacinth Bean (lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet, syn. Dolichus lablab L., Lablab niger Medik, Vegetable Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) Goal: To improve household food security of resource-poor groups in Eastern and Southern Africa through better uitilization of neglected indigenous vegetables

  • Safe food, fair food: Building capacity to improve the safety of animal-source foods and ensure continued market access for poor farmers in sub Saharan Africa

    Goal: The goal of the project is to contribute to poverty alleviation by protecting both the health of low-income consumers and livestock-based livelihoods of the poor through improved food safety of livestock products in domestic markets in east, west and southern Africa. Purpose: The purpose of the project is to establish capacity for the sustained promotion of risk-based approaches thus improving food safety and participation of the poor in informal markets for livestock products in sub Saharan Africa.

  • Solar Powered Water Pumping System for Arid and Semi-Arid Areas of Kenya

    Solar Powered Water Pumping System for Arid and Semi-Arid Areas of Kenya

  • STEP tools to package and deliver information for local use

    Objectives: National and international crop post-harvest innovation systems respond more effectively to the needs of the poor. Background: The project aims to develop systems and tools to help build the capacity of local business development providers so they are better able to mobilise information locally to reach stakeholders and intermediaries involved in crop post-harvest chain activities. As a knowledge generation facilitating project, it will provide capabilities for BDS providers to construct and publish custom, multi-media, interactive solutions that can be used directly to target information more specifically to benefit farmers, community-based organisations, NGOs and others according to specific needs.

  • Strategic partnerships and effective networking for sustainable Agroforestry research, development and education in Southern Africa region

    Objective of this project is to establish functional national agroforestry partnerships in Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia and Tanzania: extending and strenghtening links between organisations with complementary capacities and means. Specifically concerning the participation of women in agroforestry, the mapping of womens groups in the region and strengthen their efficient and acceptabel involvement. An important part of the project focusses on the local (Zimbabwan) activities of the Farmers-of-the Future initiative of the World Agroforestry Centre (also supported by VVOB).

  • Strategies to use Biofuel Value Chain Potential in Sub-Saharan Africa to respond to Global Change - Enhancing low-productivity Farming in Tanzania and linking to SMEs

    Goal: Identify the potential for linking low-productivity farming to small and medium enterprises (SME) to enhance livelihoods through biofuel value chains in the scope of increased global energy demand. Purpose: To provide farmers, regional organizations and local authorities in sub-Saharan Africa with feasible strategies to benefit from biomass production potential and mitigate food insecurity.

  • Support Research at the IITA

    Major Research Domain: market opportunities, commercial commodities, IITA mandate crops Priority: 4

  • Sustainable conservation and utilization of genetic resources of two underutilized crops - finger millet and foxtail millet - to enhance productivity, nutrition and income in Africa and Asia

    The goal is to enhance rural livelihoods and household food and nutritional security in the finger millet and foxtail millet growing areas of Africa and South Asia through cultivation of adapted, higher-yielding and stable cultivars of two underutilized crops - finger millet and foxtail millet.To achieve this goal, the project will assist NARS in the target countries to more effectively utilize genetic diversity of locally adapted finger millet germplasm in their breeding programs.

  • Gestion durable de la ressource en eau dans le système du Rift Est-africain

    L'Ethiopie, le Kenya et Djibouti sont trois pays régulièrement confrontés à des problèmes d'approvisionnement en eau. La précarité de leur situation est accentuée par l'urbanisation et par les risques de pollution des nappes d'eau en relation avec les activités anthropiques. La gestion durable des ressources en eau est un enjeu majeur pour ces trois pays, qui partagent les mêmes ressources contrôlées par un système géologique commun : le Rift Est-africain. Le projet se propose de faire avancer les connaissances scientifiques du cycle de l'eau de la région du Rift Est-africain, pour une gestion intégrée des ressources. Il s'adresse aux universités et instituts spécialisés de ces trois pays auxquels il sera demandé de travailler en commun sur les thèmes fondamentaux des problématiques régionales de l'eau.

  • Tackling Liriomyza leafmining flies: invasive pests of global proportions

    Enhance food security and reduce poverty through sustainable crop production Pest status of leaf-mining flies greatly reduced by introduced exotic parasitoids and other environmentally friendly control methods

  • Testing Options and Training partners in participatory tree domestication and marketing in East-Africa (TOTDOMEA)

    The fragmented forest landscape of East-Africa results in a lack of forest products (fire wood, construction wood, medicine, animal fodder, …) and the forest ecosystem function is not felt as before (protection against erosion, preservation of fauna and flora etc). Trees on farms are promoted in order to sustain the natural ecosystem functions of prior forest. A better integration of forestry on farms is required. The TOTDOMEA project is mainly active in Kenya and Uganda, but can be extended to other regions.

  • The Good Seed Initiative - sharing the learning from CPP programmes into pro-poor seed systems in East Africa

    Objectives: Measures to ensure the quality and health of farm-saved and traded seed among the poor taken up and institutionalised within the operation of East African institutions, national legislation and procedures. Background: In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), seed saved from farmers' own harvests is the dominant seed source for 80-90% of smallholder farmers, both for use by the growers' themselves and for sharing through social networks. It is estimated that as much as 30% of kale seed used by smallholder farmers in Kenya is produced by the informal seed sector. This seed is available, affordable, trusted by farmers, and has many known and valued uses. In addition, the informal seed sector includes NGOs, and other groups who multiply seed for distribution to other farmers and farmers who produce seeds for their own future use

  • Aquatische ecologie in Kenya

    Aquatic ecology for environmental management in Kenya under coordination of Prof. A. Vanreusel (UGent) and Prof. M. Ntiba (UON).The specific objectives of this project is to make the Faculty of Science, University of Nairobi to become the Center of excellence in research and teaching aquatic ecology.

  • VLIR-IUC Partnership with University of Nairobi (UON)

    This Partnership programme runs for 10 years (1998-2007) under coordination of Prof. G. Eisendrath from the Free University of Brussels (VUB) and Prof. K. Mavuti from the University of Nairobi (UON). This programme consists of following projects: Distance education; Library and ICT development; Aquatic ecology for environmental management; Reproductive Health project: Cervical Cancer in Kenya, Determinants in Heterosexual transmission, HIV/Aids Policy development and implementation.

  • Water Budget, Cyano Bacteria and Algal Assemblages of Lakes Baringo, Bogoria and their Response to the Lake's High Turbidity

    Water Budget, Cyano Bacteria and Algal Assemblages of Lakes Baringo, Bogoria and their Response to the Lake's High Turbidity