Research information from Organisations and projects in Kenya

Coordinated Projects - Kenya (65)

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  • African Grassroots Innovations for Livehood and Environment (AGILE)

    The Government of Italy annually finances this programme as part of its support to the CGIAR centres. The budget indicated is for 2007. The programme is managed by ICRAF in collaboration with the African Highlands Initiative (AHI). The main objective is to establish and test an approach for the sustainable use of soil, encoraging collective actions for natural resources management and for improving living conditions. The programme is active in selected areas of East Africa and Horn of Africa and involves rural communities.

  • African Network for Agriculture, Agroforestry and Natural Resources Education (ANAFE)

    The African Network for Agriculture, Agroforestry and Natural Resources Education (ANAFE) is a network of 127 educational institutions in Africa whose objective is to strengthen the teaching of multi-disciplinary approaches to land management. The ANAFE Coordination Unit is hosted at the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) headquarters in Nairobi. This provides a vantage for network management, linkages with the research and development activities of ICRAF and its partners, and convenient communication facilities.

  • Animal genetics

    Major Research Domain: genetic biodiversity, animal genetics, sheep breeding, DNA markers Priority: 2

  • Application of genomics and proteomics to camel Streptococcus agalactiae: development of vaccines and diagnostics to support camel milk marketing through improved control of mastitis

    Goal: To apply genome sequencing and proteomics to generate data that will underpin future development of novel control methods for mastitis in camels, caused by Streptoccocus agalactiae Outputs: - An annotated genome sequence derived from a camel S. agalactiae isolate that appears to be closely related to human isolates according to both phenotype in culture and MLST analysis of the genotype genotype - Candidate S. agalactiae antigens for application as vaccines and diagnostics

  • Better Policy and Management Options for Pastoral Lands: Assessing the Tradeoffs between Poverty Alleviation and Wildlife Conservation

    The project aims to improve the livelihoods of agro-pastoralists and protect species and landscape diversity through a better understanding of what pastoralists gain and what they lose through different land-use strategies.

  • Classical biological control: mitigating consequences of the convention on biological diversity and property rights

    Influence access and benefit sharing discussion of the convention on biological diversity to facilitate research on and use of biocontrol agents Raise awareness about the difficulties created by ABS regulations on access to biocontrol agents and promote more favourable regulations

  • Collective Action and Property Rights (system-wide program)

    To contribute to poverty reduction by identifying effective policies and practices that enhance the ways that collective action and property rights are used to build secure assets and income streams for and by the poor.To provide policymarkers, NGOs, and community groups with knowledge of the factores that strengthen rights of the poor to land and water resource and lead to more effective collective action by the poor

  • Conservation and utilisation of plant genetic resources (Phase II)

    Major Research Domain: Biodiversity, forage, germplasm management Goal: Contribution to the conservation of biodiversity Outputs: - To develop sustainable crop-livestock farming systems for increased food production in tropical areas through promoting conservation and characterisation of forage genetic resources and their use by small-holder farmers

  • Indigene Selektionskriterien und genetische Diversität bei afrikanischen Ankole Rindern

    Breeding programmes implemented in developing countries using methodology from developed countries have often failed. The causes for such failures are numerous, one might be that the improved animals do not meet the standards of livestock keepers. This is related to intangible values which will often be missed by scientific breeding goals. This project aims at testing established and developing new methods of evaluating intangible values for selection decisions, using Ankole cattle as a reference. The Ankole breed is a good example as its huge horns seem to defy scientific breeding goals. The Ankole is kept by pastoralists with little access to markets. The study is carried out in Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania. In addition, phenotypic and genetic diversity within the breed across these countries will be studied. For the study of the production system and indigenous knowledge different methods of participatory rural appraisal will be applied. Workshops will be held with farmers to get general information. For more detailed information single households interviews will be conducted.

  • Cysteine proteases of African trypanosomes: congopain and related enzymes

    Cysteine proteases of African trypanosomes: congopain and related enzymes

  • Developement of new diagnostic tools for contagious bovine pleuro-pneumonia: Identification of appropriate antigens using a proteomics approach

    Goal: Development of improved diagnostic tools for contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP), as part of an integrated control strategy Purpose: A diagnostic test able to detect chronically infected animals

  • Developing high intensity fruit garden agroforestry systems for small-scale farmers of Eastern Africa

    Goal: Micronutrient malnutrition concerns many food-insecure households in sub-Saharan Africa, resulting in anaemia, cretinism, and blindness on millions of people. In India, studies of the already existing intensive small-scale fruit garden agroforestry systems yielded an extended tree management knowledge and improved fruit tree varieties, among others. Making available well-adapted quality germplasm and information about tree management and fruit nutritional values, among other approaches, will most likely contribute not only to improve cash income generation, but also to increase fruit consumption levels of smallholder farmers and rural populations in the target region.

  • Developing Striga control strategies for cropping systems in Kenya (Phase II)

    Goal: Development and extension of sustainable cropping systems adapted to western Kenya that control Striga and improve production.

  • Development and application of genetic markers linked to trypanotolerance genes

    Major Research Domain: Breeding, trypanotolerance, genom mapping Goal: Contribution to the genetic improvement of trypanotolerant livestock Outputs: - To develop high resolution type II genetic marker maps of those chromosomal regions of the bovine genome which are homologous to chromosomal regions of the murine genome controlling trypanosomiasis resistance

  • Development and implementation of a sustainable IPM program for major mango pests and opportunity for improving market information and processing in sub-Saharan Africa

    To enhance food security and income generation capacity in the targeted countries in East and West Africa To develop and implement in collaboration with international and national partners effective approaches to reduction of mango loses due to insect infestation leading to quality

  • Development of a second generation anti-tick vaccine using a mimotope-virosome approach

    Animal health research that alleviates the negative impact of infectious diseases and infestation by ecto-parasites cost-effectively can potentially bring enormous benefits to both crop-livestock and nomadic pastoralist systems, contributing significantly to poverty alleviation. Acaricide resistance is a significant threat to effective control of ticks and tick-borne diseases in livestock in tropical and sub-tropical countries. The development of anti-tick vaccines represents one of the most promising alternatives to chemical control and has a number of advantages including environmental safety and lack of human health risks. This project is pursuing a novel approach to synthetic vaccine design and optimization by using the mimotope-virosome strategy. The aim is to improve an existing tick-vaccine based on a hidden gut antigen of B. microplus in terms of efficiency, handling, user friendliness and pricing for smallholders. The experience gained during this project will pave the way to apply this technology platform for vaccine development to a range of livestock diseases.

  • Development of bio-control based IPM for the Diamondback Moth, Plutella xylostella L. and crucifer aphids in Eastern and Southern

    Goal: Improvement of biological control of crucifer pests in Eastern and Southern Africa Major Results Achieved: Mortality attributed to natural enemy activity is generally well below 20%. In contrast, mortality due to weather conditions seems to be much more important

  • Development of carbon market and conservation financing mechanisms for multifunctional landscape bio-corridors in the Upper Mekong

    Goal: To support enhanced and connected multifunctional landscape corridors with both positive livelihood and environmental benefits, managed by smallholder farmers through integrated management and financial mechanisms; and hence contribute to sustainable land-use policies and practices Purpose: To identify and develop landscape corridors, stepping stones, and framework species within secondary vegetation and agricultural landscapes in the region. The proposed project seeks to build regional, national, and local capacities for improving livelihoods and landscapes with integrated conservation and development mechanisms.

  • Development of egg parasitoid-based biocontrol of Helicoverpa armigera (Hb.) and Plutella xylostella (L.) in vegetable crops in Eastern and Southern Africa

    Goal: Improvement of scope for biological control of two key lepidopteran pests towards sustainable production of vegetables in Eastern and Southern Africa Major Results Achieved: The establishment of a gene bank, with the approval from the Kenyan government authorities is significant, as it will permit ready access to the genetic diversity among the major family trichogrammatidae of native egg parasitoids of the target pest (H. armigera)

  • Development of environmentally friendly management methods for red spider mites in small-holder tomato production systems in Eastern and Southern Africa (Phase I)

    Goal: Contribution to increased tomato production while at the same time decreasing the amount of pesticides used and thus reducing the risk of environmental, producer and product contamination with pesticides

  • Development of environmentally friendly management methods for red spider mites in small-holder tomato production systems in Eastern and Southern Africa (Phase II)

    Goal: To develop an integrated and biological control programme for RSM on tomatoes in Eastern and Southern Africa Major Results Achieved: The second phase of the project started in July 2002. So far, all activities could be executed as planned with the exception of the resistance screening in Zambia due to the death of Dr. Mebelo

  • Domestication and marketing of indigenous fruit tree of the Miombo for improved household nutrition and incomes in Southern Africa

    Goal: To improve the well being of rural dwellers (farmers, marketers and consumers), in the Miombo ecosystem through improved domestication, utilization and commercialization of indigenous fruit trees and their products Major Results Achieved: The priority species list was updated in Zambia and Malawi, using more participatory approaches

  • Domestication of indigenous wild fruit trees of the Miombo woodlands of Southern Africa

    Goal: Examination of the constraints hampering the cultivation and domestication of wild fruit trees and initiation of the domestication process of a few species of importance Major Results Achieved: Surveys confirmed that Uapaca kirkiana and Zisyphis are the most preferred species. New collections of Parinari, Strychnos and Uapaca germplasms were made

  • Economic impact assessment of biological control of the diamond back moth in crucifers in East Africa

    Major Research Domain: yield loss, cabbage pests, impact assessment, biological control, crucifers Goal: Contribute to the reduction of pesticide use in vegetable production in Africa

  • Enhanced control of CBPP in sub Saharan Africa through development of better diagnostics and vaccines

    The goal of the project is to alleviate negative impacts of CBPP on pastoralist and other livestock keepers in endemic areas of sub-Saharan African countries. Purpose: The purpose of the project is to provide the tools and knowldge needed to enable national veterinary authorities to develop improved control measures and policies for CBPP.

  • Enhancing Beef Productivity, Quality, Safety, and Trade in Central America

    Major Research Domain: Goal: Improved farm livelihoods and consumer benefits through increased and more efficient beef production and trade in Central America Purpose: Increase the efficiency of the beef industry in Central America to compete against imported beef in the domestic markets Outputs: - To increase smallholders beef productivity - Carcass classification systems and regulations for meat quality and safety - Productivity, economic and environmental assessments to provide feedback on project progress and impact, especially in regard to equity and environmental

  • Evaluation of ecological and economic sustainability of breeding strategies in pastoral systems: The case of Ankole cattle in Uganda

    The Ankole cattle is found in SW Uganda. A production system is emerging where farmers keep two herds (purebred and crosses). The Ankole herd helps reducing the vulnerability, during periods of drought and times with high disease pressure. The crossbred animals are a source of milk. Crosses provide more milk under good conditions. The sustainability of such a system depends on a large number of factors such as herd size, management, climate fluctuations, social pressure. More information on the possible options and appropriate supportive institutional frameworks are therefore needed to design and support a sustainable production.. One component of the project is a comprehensive comparison of production systems (purebred vs. crossbreds). The life cycle efficiency of herds is compared using a combined cross-sectional and longitudinal approach. Data recorded include the socioeconomics of the farm, production and health of the animals and status of the pasture land. The second component deals with modelling of the production system, constraints and decision criteria by use ofmodelling software. Factors considered are environmental, breed-type related, management, and socio-economic.

  • Expanding biological control of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. in Eastern and Southern Africa

    Major Research Domain: diamond back moth, Plutella xylostella, biological control, Diadegma semiclausum, parasitoids Goal: Enhance food security and reduce poverty through sustainable vegetable production.

  • Expanding the rational and biological control of invasive Liriomyza leafminer flies to major horticultural production systems of East Africa

    Goal: Enhance food security and reduce poverty through sustainable crop production. Purpose: Natural control of vegetables and potato leafminers in East Africa improved (long term).

  • Farmer Enterprise Development – Increasing Market Opportunities for Indigenous Fruit and Culinary Products in Cameroon through Improved Market Skills and Strategies

    To assist small-holder farmers develop marketing skills and knowledge while also assisting them to increase sustainable, on-farm production of indigenous fruits and culinary products.

  • Farmers of the future - FOF

    FOF aims at enforcing environmental education in primary and secundary education. FOF uses existing network in environment and education and promotes interaction between farmers and schools.

  • Farming in TseTse controlled Areas

    Farming in TseTse controlled Areas

  • Field studies on the development and impact of drug resistance of animal trypanosomes in market-oriented production systems in the southern Guinea zone of West Africa

    Major Research Domain: Epidemiology, trypanosomosis, drug resistance, livestock production Goal: Contribution to the elucidation of the epidemiology of drug resistance in trypanosomes in West Africa

  • Fodder tree evaluation in the Ethiopian highlands

    Goal: To quantify the ecological and economic benefits from fodder trees with emphasis on leaf meal production Major Results Achieved: In 2002 all experiments have been established on-station and on-farm and two Moringa seed collections have been completed. It was proposed to complement the project by extending the germplasm screening of Moringa, adding studies on anti-nutritive compounds.


    The genus Warburgia belongs to the tropical tree family Canellaceae. A series of unique sesquiterpenes isolated from this plant (Polygodial, Warbuganal and Muzigadial) have been shown to have broad antibacterial and antifungal activities. The project aims to identify genes related to sesquiterpene biosynthesis using two different approaches. The DNA based approach considers the isolation of hypomethylated (CpG) islands from Warburgia genome, which are frequently located near to functioning genes. Recently we developed a method to isolate such type of sequences from sweetpotato and rice genomes. Combining this technique with DArT approach - which can discriminate closely related genomes - will enable us to identify genomic regions with altered methylation patterns in individuals showing different anti-malarial activity. Direct isolation of the sesquiterpene synthase gene is attempted using the available sequence information of other plant genomes. Alternatively, cDNA microarrays of 10,000 clones will be established and comparatively hybridised with mRNA populations of sesquiterpene producer / non-producer tissues and genotypes representing different anti-malaria efficiency.

  • Improved access to appropriate farm inputs for integrated maize crop management by small-scale farmers in Kenya and Tanzania

    Objectives: Strategies developed and promoted to reduce the impact of pests on poor peoples’ crops and to improve quality and yield from maize-based systems. Background: The main objective is to improve the food security of small-scale farmers through improving their access to, and rapid dissemination of technology to improve crop production (appropriate fertilisers, lime) and crop protection (MSV-tolerant maize varieties, herbicides). Research has shown that poor soil fertility, high weed infestation, and Maize Streak Virus (MSV) seriously depress yields of maize. Technology to address these constraints is available, but not accessible to small-scale farmers. Working in co-operation with the private sector, FIPS Africa staff promote small packets of improved fertiliser (1 kg), and improved MSV-tolerant maize varieties through local stockists. Having experimented with these small packets, small farmers return to the stockists to purchase larger quantities of these inputs to improve their food security.

  • Improving soil management recommendations for smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa using new infrared technology for rapid diagnosis of soil constraints

    Goal: To increase smallholder agricultural production in sub-Saharan Africa while protecting the environment through evidence-based targeting of improved soil management recommendations by agricultural research and development organizations and the private sector Purpose: National agricultural research organizations and private sector advisory services in sub- Saharan Africa adopt soil infrared spectroscopy to help target soil management and fertilizer recommendations

  • Improving the livelihoods of poor live-stock keepers in Africa through community based management of indigenous farm animal genetic resources

    Major Research Domain: livestock, animal genetic resources, community based management Goal: To improve the livelihoods of poor livestock-keepers in Africa through community-based management of indigenous farm animal genetic resources

  • Improving the management of trypanocide resistance in the cotton zone of West Africa: a coordinated regional study

    Major Research Domain: Trypanosomosis, trypanocide resistance, agro-pastoral production systems Priorities: 3, 4 Goal: Improve the sustainability of smallholder agro-pastoral production systems in West Africa Purpose: Ensure the efficacy of trypanocides as a component of integrated control of trypanosomosis in the cotton zone of West Africa

  • Improving the value of maize as livestock feed and to enhance the livelihoods of maize-livestock farmers in East Africa

    Major Research Domain: maize, livestock feed, dual-purpose maize Goal: To investigate the potential of dual-purpose maize to enhance the livelihoods of resource poor crop-livestock farmers of East Africa

  • Insect Resistant Maize Improvement

    Stem borer damage can reduce maize yields in Kenya by 15%. The Insect Resistant Maize for Africa Project (IRMA), a partnership with international and national public research institutions, is developing new varieties of insect-resistant maize.

  • Integrated control of East Coast Fever constraining livelihoods of smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa

    Objectives: Development of a vaccine to sustainably control the killer disease of livestock - East Coast Fever - that affects the livelihoods of the poor in smallholder production systems in eastern, central and southern Africa. Background: This proposal will develop an improved vaccine to prevent losses that poor African farmers incur from East Coast Fever (ECF), a fatal tick-transmitted disease of cattle in eastern, central and southern Africa. ILRI has already developed a vaccine, based on a parasite antigen that reduces the incidence of severe ECF by 50%. The project will focus on identifying additional parasite antigens to enhance the level of protection. These antigens will lead to development of a multi-component sub-unit vaccine that will be highly efficacious, safe, affordable and easy to deliver to poor farmers. The project will exploit new opportunities in science, particularly the availability of the complete genome sequence of Theileria parva, the causative organism of ECF, and novel technologies for antigen identification and presentation.

  • Integrated control of thrips in vegetables in eastern Africa

    Enhance food security and reduce poverty through sustainable crop production Pest status of thrips greatly reduced by environmentally friendly control methods

  • Integrated management of major insect pests and diseases of cashew in east and western Africa

    Goal: To improve livelihoods through sustainable production and utilization of cashew. Purpose: To develop and implement in collaboration with national and international partners, sustainable integrated management strategies for major cashew insect pests and diseases in SSA; and to train a cadre of scientists to enhance national capacity to implement biocontrol-based IPM in cashew production in Benin and Tanzania.

  • Integrated pest management of maize stem- and cob-borer in Western Africa

    Major Research Domain: integrated pest management, maize stem- and cob-borer, biological control, Mussidia ssp., habitat management Goal: Improved food security in western Africa through more effective and environmentally rational management of maize pests

  • Integration of multipurpose trees in mixed crop-livestock watershed systems for feed production and soil conservation

    Major Research Domain: Integrated watershed management, multipurpose trees, soil fertility, improved crop-livestock systems Priority: 3 Goal: Improved natural resource management on watershed level through livestock oriented agroforestry, soil conservation and nutrient management Purpose: Develop sustainable livestock-cropping systems for small scale farmers

  • Investigating the pathogenicity mechanisms of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) - the most devasting cattle disease in Africa

    Goal: Contribute to a reduction in poverty in drought prone rural environments through increased food security and income generation. Purpose: Enhancing yield and yield stability of cassava in these environments

  • Mapping climate vulnerability and poverty in Africa

    Objectives: To enable CRD to prioritise geographic locations for research into climate vulnerability, also to develop a support toolbox that can be used to assess technology, policy and management interventions aimed at improving adaptive capacity and coping mechanisms of at risk households. Background: DFID' s Central Research Department (CRD) is developing a research programme on climate change and development which seeks to improve the ability of poor people to be more resilient to current climate variability as well as to the risks associated with longer-term climate change. It will cover various livelihood systems and services of importance to the poor, such as access and mobility, cropping and livestock husbandry, water management, public health, energy services, and emergency support. The research will also consider the knowledge implications of interacting and multiple stresses, such as HIV/AIDS and climate change, on the vulnerability of the poor. Vulnerability is being interpreted here in its widest sense, particularly concentrating on climate-related human and animal diseases, food insecurity, water resources, and fisheries.

  • Participatory development and testing of strategies to reduce climate vulnerability of poor farm households in East Africa through innovations in potato and sweet potato technologies and enabling policies

    Goal: Reduce climate vulnerability of poor farm households in East Africa through adoption of potato- and sweet potato-based technologies and enabling policies that increase the resilience and sustainability of agricultural systems Purpose: Adaptation strategies for poor farm households in East Africa based on new potato and sweet potato technologies and enabling policies are adopted by farmers and other stakeholders

  • Predicting climate change induced vulnerability of African agricultural systems to major insect pests through advanced insect phenology modeling, and decision aid development for adaptation planning

    Goal: African agriculture (farmers, national agricultural research institutions, policy makers, etc.) copes with the risk of exacerbating and expanding insect pests due to climate change; and, adaptation strategies minimize major pest-related crop losses. Purpose: • Vulnerability of crops to pests induced by climate change determined through phenology modeling, and a database on temperature-driven phenology models developed and computeraide tools provided for pest risk mapping and adaptation planning. • Scientists and IPM practitioners use the project tools for: country-specific pest risk assessments, adaptation planning, improving their pest management strategies, and for providing information to policy makers to improve national pest management and quarantine programs.

  • Preventing and containing trypanocide resistance in the cotton zone of West Africa (Phase II)

    Goal: To protect and improve the sustainable livelihoods of resource-poor livestock keepers in agro-pastoral production systems Purpose: To enhance the current and future efficacy of trypanocides as an effective component of improved integrated trypanosomosis control strategies

  • Pro-poor sustainable agriculture knowledge centres

    Objectives: To devise strategies for implementing sustainable agricultural knowledge centres that will enable the rural and peri-urban poor in East Africa to mprove farm productivity and profitability. Background: Agriculture production for local consumption and export plays a critical role in the economies of East Africa. In Uganda and Kenya 75-90% of the population make their living from farming. The targetted 4% annual growth in African economies requires a 6% growth in agriculture.

  • Process and partnership for pro-poor policy change

    Objectives: To identify and institutionalise innovative research and development mechanisms and approaches that lead to pro-poor policy outcomes. Background: As the development community increases pressure for researchers to demonstrate impact at levels from field production to national and international policies, scientists and their partners are beginning to recognise the need to work together in new ways. An extended research paradigm is now being advocated where institutional and technological innovations are the result of interaction among different participants with complementary contributions and become a continuous learning process involving all participants, including biological and social scientists. The number and the quality of the links and communication between individuals and organisations that are 'seeking' to innovate is a key element in the rate of innovation.

  • Promotion and dissemination of integrated pest and soil fertility management strategies to combat striga, stemborers and declining soil fertility in the Lake Victoria basin

    Objectives: Disseminate integrated pest and soil fertility management (IPSFM) options against stemborers, Striga, and declining soil fertility for maize-based production systems in the Lake Victoria Basin. Background: Maize is the most important food crop of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The major constraints to maize production, as perceived by farmers in the Lake Victoria region, are Striga hermonthica, stem borers, and low soil fertility. Under the ongoing DFID-funded Project (R8212), ICIPE, CIMMYT, TSBF-CIAT, Rothamsted Research and various national programmes are testing and disseminating integrated pest and soil fertility management approaches/strategies (IPSFM), in particular against striga, stemborers, and declining soil fertility in the Lake Victoria Basin of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. This project is helping to enhance food security, income generation, and environmental sustainability leading to reduction in poverty in the Lake Victoria basin of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, and will result in an overall improvement in livelihood status.

  • Promotion of an IPM strategy for maize grey leaf spot (GLS) in East Africa

    Objectives: To address awareness of Grey Leaf Spot amongst small-scale maize farmers and extensionists in East Africa, and to increase awareness of the widespread availability of maize varieties which are resistant to GLS, and to other management strategies. Background: Knowledge generated by the project R7566 concerning the epidemiology of Grey Leaf Spot, together with existing literature, was used to design, develop and promote an integrated pest management strategy for GLS. The strategy is based on a combination of 'raising awareness' of the disease, coupled with a 'basket of options' for effective management of the disease, including the use of cultural methods for the removal of crop debris, soil fertility and recommendations concerning host resistance. The management strategy was validated through a series of farmer-participatory training activities in selected areas in Kenya and Zimbabwe.

  • Revisiting sweetpotato weevil sexual pheromone research and development: Scale-up synthesis of improved chemistry, field evaluation and integration into rational mass trapping devices for field application

    Goal: Enhance food security, reduce poverty and improve human health through sustainable sweetpotato production and reduced use of pesticides. Purpose: Sweetpotato weevil population effectively controlled by the use of sex pheromones in innovative trapping devices. Long term: Sweetpotato production losses by Cylas sp. substantially reduced through the integration and effective use of sex pheromones in sweetpotato IPM in SSA and ESEAP.

  • Robust Quality Markers in Africa Project

    Robusta Quality Markers in Africa Project

  • Safe food, fair food: Building capacity to improve the safety of animal-source foods and ensure continued market access for poor farmers in sub Saharan Africa

    Goal: The goal of the project is to contribute to poverty alleviation by protecting both the health of low-income consumers and livestock-based livelihoods of the poor through improved food safety of livestock products in domestic markets in east, west and southern Africa. Purpose: The purpose of the project is to establish capacity for the sustained promotion of risk-based approaches thus improving food safety and participation of the poor in informal markets for livestock products in sub Saharan Africa.

  • Supporting the vulnerable: Increasing the adaptive capacity of agro-pastoralists to climatic change in West and Southern Africa using a transdisciplinary research approach

    Goal: To increase the adaptive capacity of agro-pastoralists, who are one of the most vulnerable groups in Africa, to climate variability and the expected effects of future climate change Purpose: To co-generate methods, information and solutions between local communities, local and international scientists, policy makers and other actors involved in climate change and adaptation programmes, for coping mechanisms and adapting strategies to climate change and variability in West and Southern Africa, and more particularly in Mali and Mozambique

  • Sustainable delivery of animal health services and appropriate decision making for control of CBPP (Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia)

    CBPP is a major respiratory disease of cattle prevalent in most of African countries and widespread in several regions of Ethiopia. Its economic importance is mainly due to high mortality, production losses and costly and inefficient control strategies. Its control is expected to substantially improve productivity of cattle.

  • Tackling Liriomyza leafmining flies: invasive pests of global proportions

    Enhance food security and reduce poverty through sustainable crop production Pest status of leaf-mining flies greatly reduced by introduced exotic parasitoids and other environmentally friendly control methods

  • The Pan-African Bean Research Alliance (PABRA)

    The Pan-African Bean Research Alliance (PABRA) targets the improvement of the bean crop for the benefit of Africa's rural and urban poor, as well as capitalizing on its value as a potential entry point for a learning alliance on community development. More than 100 million people consume beans in the PABRA region and are potential beneficiaries. Beans are a typical commodity of the poor, produced mostly by women. During the next phase of PABRA, the partners expect to reach at least 10 million rural people in at least 12 countries with new and existing technologies. PABRA, with its efficiencies derived from a multi-institutional alliance and close regional collaboration, has led to considerable impact in Eastern and Southern Africa. Research results and technologies developed are shared among countries, avoiding unnecessary cost and duplication of efforts.

  • Transregional analysis of crop-livestock systems: Understanding intensification and evolution across three continents

    Major Research Domain: crop-livestock systems Goal: To improve livelihoods of smallholder farmers in developing countries Purpose: To improve opportunities for smallholder producers to participate in the increasing global demand for livestock products, by developing new tools and understanding, to target policies, planning and technologies.

  • Trees in multi-use landscapes in South-East Asia (TUL-SEA): A negotiation support toolbox for integrated natural resource management

    Goal: Local resource managers in mul¬ti-use landscapes with trees use cost-effective, replicable tools and approaches to appraise the likely im¬pacts of new technologies and changes in market access and to support evidence-based negotiations of contentious issues

  • VLIR-IUC Partnership with Moi University, Kenya

    The partnership programme consists of several subprojects: 1.Civil and Structural Engineering. Development of a regional expertise centre containing a materials & structures group and a water management group. 2.Textile Engineering. Research and extension addressing development of the cotton industry. 3.Seed Technology. Restructuring of the study programme to be market oriented. Seed production research for food security and cash crops such as cotton. 4.Enhance capacity for the use of ICT services. Development of a content platform serving as a learning platform as well as content management system, based on the existing software platforms. 5.Health Sciences addressing issues of primary health care. 6.Gender. The in 2003 launched Institute of Gender Equity, Research and Development (IGERD) requires capacity building for institute staff. Belgian coordinator: Prof. B. Manderick (VUB) (; Local coordinator: Stanley Muse SHITOTE (MU) (

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