Welcome to Sudan e.RAILS website
Sudan is a vast agricultural and pastoral country with a rich cultural diversity. Sudan is the third largest country in Africa after Algeria and DR Congo with an area of 1,886,068 km2 (728,215 sq mi), Dominated by the Nile and its tributaries; it borders South Sudan, Egypt, Libya, Chad, the Central African Republic, Ethiopia and Eritrea. Sudan lies mostly between latitudes 8° and 23°N and longitudes 21° and 39°E. Sudan has over 800 km of coastline along its north-eastern border, providing access to the Red Sea. Sudan has a tropical south and arid desert in the north. It is generally flat, with mountains to the east and west. Total population of Sudan well over 30 million, out of which 75% live in rural areas. Agriculture is the dominant sector in the Sudanese economy. It contributes about 45% to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), generates over 85% of the foreign exchange earnings, and provides the raw materials for agro-industries and employment for over 80% of the labour force. About 87% of economically active people are depended on agricultural or pastoral activities and related enterprises for their livelihoods. Forest resources contribute about 10 % to the GDP, while livestock, which is predominantly kept by the traditional nomadic people, contributes about 8 % of GDP.