Research information from Organisations and projects in Tanzania

Projects with partners - Tanzania (43)

  • Application and promotion of FMSP participatory fisheries stock assessment (ParFish

    To test, revise and widely promote the ParFish approach, through field testing, a training workshop and communication and promotion activities, to improve sustainable utilisation of artisanal fisheries resources in developing countries to contribute to the livelihoods of the poor.

  • Banana tissue culture: community dissemination pathways for delivery of high quality planting material to create markets for African farmers

    Goal: To ensure sustainable small-scale banana production in Eastern and Southern Africa, and to optimize the use and preservation of banana biodiversity Purpose: To generate efficient market pathways to supply, cultivate and market high quality planting material to small-scale farmers through the promotion of novel and sustainable partnerships between farmers and private enterprises, which are supported by improved institutional policies

  • Kapacitetsopbygning: Biosikkerhed og økologisk konsekvensvurdering af transgene planter i det østlige Afrika

    Food security is a major concern in Africa, and there is an urgent need for tools to increase crop production on this continent. Gene technology may be one of the many tools that may be used. However, one of the main obstacles to adaption of this technology, vividly demonstrated recently by the genetically modified (GM)-maize food aid crisis in southern Africa, is the lack of capacity to assess the agricultural and ecological impacts of introducing GM crops. There is, therefore, need for capacity building within the field of risk assessment/risk analysis. The long-term vision of the project is to build up capacity to cope with the challenges of introducing genetically modified crops in East Africa by developing a platform for capacity building on biosafety impact assessment of transgenic plants.

  • Capacity building for biosafety and ecological impact assessment of transgenic plants in West Africa

    This course is an immersion course for scientist and decision-makers, dicussing the main aspects of GM biosafety regulations and risk assessment. The topcis covered include the current situation of growing transgenic crops in the world, the situation in Africa, the legal frameworks on the continent and internationally, the elements of risk assessment, as well as the economical, social and ethical issues.

  • Contracting Out of Poverty: Experimental Approaches to Innovation in Agricultural Markets with Small Farmers

    Welfare of the rural poor is improved due to: - Increased access of smallholders to contract farming arrangements linking them to dynamic markets for highvalue products. - Identification of optimal institutional arrangements that provide adequate incentives to firms and farmers by reducing transaction costs in the contractual relationship. - Policy makers and development practitioners have better information to improve the welfare of the poor by implementing new institutional mechanisms that favor the inclusion of smallholders in markets for high-value products.- Contractors in public, private, and third sector organizations demanding contract farming services apply optimal institutional arrangements to improve their access to smallholders by reducing their transaction costs. - Government agencies, NGOs, and donor organizations that oversee the interests of smallholders provide better information on firms’ reputations and reliable third party quality control services for contract enforcement. - Local researchers learn the necessary skills to implement the recommendations from the study and develop a local network.

  • Development and implementation of a sustainable IPM program for major mango pests and opportunity for improving market information and processing in sub-Saharan Africa

    To enhance food security and income generation capacity in the targeted countries in East and West Africa To develop and implement in collaboration with international and national partners effective approaches to reduction of mango loses due to insect infestation leading to quality

  • Dissemination of improved Phaseolus bean varieties in Tanzania

    Objectives: Benefits for poor people generated by application of new knowledge on crop protection to cultivation of beans in the southern highlands of Tanzania. Background: Participatory farmer and researcher selection of promising disease resistant bean lines was carried out in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania [R7569]. The best two lines were identified and combined into a single variety for the production of Breeder seed. [Approved by the Seed Release Committee in November 2003, after completion of the project, under the variety name URAFIKI].

  • Domestication and marketing of indigenous fruit tree of the Miombo for improved household nutrition and incomes in Southern Africa

    Goal: To improve the well being of rural dwellers (farmers, marketers and consumers), in the Miombo ecosystem through improved domestication, utilization and commercialization of indigenous fruit trees and their products Major Results Achieved: The priority species list was updated in Zambia and Malawi, using more participatory approaches

  • Drinking water treatment in Tanzania using purified seed extracts from the pan-tropical tree Moringa oleifera

    River water is almost the exclusive drinking water source for many tropical developing countries and treatment processes heavily depend on chemical water treatment agents. Naturally occurring alternatives are generally considered as being safe and have therefore been investigated for decades. Of particular interest is the pan-tropical tree Moringa oleifera, since grounded seed powder have traditionally been used for the clarification of turbid drinking water. Of special interest is the fact, that the active compounds from seeds can be extracted from the press-cake, an agricultural waste product accumulating after a high quality vegetable oil has been processed. The specific research project objectives are: To validate a novel extraction procedure recycling a locally available agricultural waste product for the processing of purified seed extracts suitable for drinking water treatment. To evaluate purified seed extracts harbouring coagulant and antimicrobial activities under actual conditions occurring in tropical developing countries. To develop a method for implementing a purified Moringa seed extract into local drinking water treatment works.

  • Economic evaluation and international implementation of community-based forecasting of armyworm

    Objectives: Strategies developed to improve forecasting and reduce the impact of migrant pests in semi-arid cropping systems, for benefit of poor people. Background: Farmers, District Agricultural Officers, chemical suppliers, extension officers, a pesticide registration officer and district agricultural managers were involved in developing the ideas which underpin the community-based forecasting approach. An initial socioeconomic survey assessed whether farmers were interested in carrying out their own armyworm forecasting and in what way they are willing to respond to forecasts, either local or national. Participatory methods were used in the pilot studies and during the first year, traps were successfully operated and forecasts made by all the participating villages. A forecasting pack in both Kiswahili and English was produced to accompany training. This included basic information about armyworms and how they can be forecast, instructions on how to operate the pheromone trap, the rain gauge, and how to record and interpret the data to make the forecast.

  • Expanding biological control of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. in Eastern and Southern Africa

    Major Research Domain: diamond back moth, Plutella xylostella, biological control, Diadegma semiclausum, parasitoids Goal: Enhance food security and reduce poverty through sustainable vegetable production.

  • Facilitating the widespread adoption of conservation agriculture (CA) in maize-based systems in Eastern and Southern Africa

    Major Research Domain: conservation agriculture, maize based systems, conservation tillage, zero tillage, direct seeding Goal: To improve livelihoods and food security for smallholder farmers in ESA through accelerated and widespread adoption of CA practices.

  • Factors influencing the development trajectories of lowlands in West Africa

    To contribute to the achievement of the Millenium Development Goals in Africa, with a particular focus in poverty alleviation and food security

  • Genetic, Physiological, and Molecular Approaches to Improve Heat and Drought Tolerance of Tropical Tomato

    Goal: To contribute to stable and increased production of tomato through development of heat and drought tolerant varieties Purpose: Development of heat and drought tolerant tomato breeding lines through molecular genetics and genomics, and effective identification and utilization of genetic resources Outputs: - Screening methods development for drought and heat tolerance and tolerant germplasm identified - Head and drought tolerance characterized and QTLs identified in tomato - Candidate genes for abiotic stress tolerance mapped onto tomato genetic map - Primary QTLs identified and candidate genes validated for heat and drought tolerance through comparative and composite analysis - Breeding lines and linked molecular markers developed for drought and heat tolerance - Increased NARES/ commercial seed companies/academic institutions´ capacity to screen for drought and heat tolerance and apply molecular markers in breeding

  • Green manure on striga infested fields in Tanzania

    Background: On-farm verification and promotion of green manure for enhancing upland rice productivity on Striga infested fields in Tanzania

  • Improving farmer and other stakeholders' access to quality information and products for pre- and post- harvest maize systems management in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania

    Objectives: New knowledge is generated and promoted into how national innovation systems can be mobilised to sustain uptake and adoption of CPH knowledge for the benefit of the poor. Specifically to provide innovative learning tools and products, to address the pre- and post- harvest training needs identified by maize seed system stakeholders in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania, using both existing and novel promotion pathways. Background: While working on improving farmers' access to and management of disease resistant maize cultivars, the demand for further information and post-harvest training tools for use by stockists, public sector service providers, private companies and farmers was raised again and again, reflecting the changing context in which these stakeholders are operating.

  • Improving farmers access to and management of maize seed in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania - Phase 2

    Objectives: Promotion of strategies to reduce the impact of pests and improve quality and yield from High Potential cropping systems for the benefit of poor people. Background: A range of maize cultivars was evaluated in 16 villages on 80 farmers' fields, and Uyole-bred maize hybrids showed high levels of tolerance to Grey Leaf Spot (GLS) as well as a high grain yield potential. These materials were also generally ranked relatively highly by farmers, under high input regimes, in Mbozi, Njombe and Iringa districts. In lower-lying Mbarali district, however, open pollinated varieties showed better adaptability. In addition, none of the varieties evaluated in Mbarali appeared to possess the level of resistance required to withstand the Maize streak virus (MSV) pressure experienced in some parts of the district.

  • Improving the value of maize as livestock feed and to enhance the livelihoods of maize-livestock farmers in East Africa

    Major Research Domain: maize, livestock feed, dual-purpose maize Goal: To investigate the potential of dual-purpose maize to enhance the livelihoods of resource poor crop-livestock farmers of East Africa

  • Integrated management of major insect pests and diseases of cashew in east and western Africa

    Goal: To improve livelihoods through sustainable production and utilization of cashew. Purpose: To develop and implement in collaboration with national and international partners, sustainable integrated management strategies for major cashew insect pests and diseases in SSA; and to train a cadre of scientists to enhance national capacity to implement biocontrol-based IPM in cashew production in Benin and Tanzania.

  • Integration of multipurpose trees in mixed crop-livestock watershed systems for feed production and soil conservation

    Major Research Domain: Integrated watershed management, multipurpose trees, soil fertility, improved crop-livestock systems Priority: 3 Goal: Improved natural resource management on watershed level through livestock oriented agroforestry, soil conservation and nutrient management Purpose: Develop sustainable livestock-cropping systems for small scale farmers

  • Investigating the pathogenicity mechanisms of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) - the most devasting cattle disease in Africa

    Goal: Contribute to a reduction in poverty in drought prone rural environments through increased food security and income generation. Purpose: Enhancing yield and yield stability of cassava in these environments

  • Large-scale deployment of improved sweetpotatoes in sub-Saharan Africa

    Goal: To strengthen and extend a platform for partnerships that will deliver new sweetpotato production technologies to large numbers of farmers quickly and efficiently

  • Mitigating the impact of climate change on rice disease resistance in East Africa

    Goal: To increase well-being of farmers growing rice in East Africa despite climate change. Purpose: To mitigate the impact of climate change on occurrence and virulence of rice pathogens affecting rice yield in East Africa.

  • Peri-urban mangroves forests as filters and potential phytoremediators of domestic sewage in East Africa (PUMPSEA)

    Mangroves in all probability filter discharged wastewater, thereby limiting coastal sewage pollution. This project aims to demonstrate this ecosystem service and to examine its ecological and socio-economical effects. It will develop the technology for using constructed mangrove wetlands for secondary treatment of domestic sewage water. It will examine the feasibility of 'strategic reforestation and conservation' in sewage hotspot areas, to encourage natural mangrove filtration of discharged wastewater. It will develop an implementation plan for the exploitation of the developed technology and know-how, based on analysis of governance, policy, cost and financing options. The work will take place in peri-urban mangrove areas of Maputo (Mozambique), Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) and Mombasa (Kenya). It will include: socio-economy, condition mapping, biogeochemistry, ecology, modelling, controlled experimentation and experimental optimization of a trial wetland used for secondary treatment of sewage. Governance analysis and implementation planning will focus on Dar es Salaam, but have reference to Maputo and Mombasa.

  • Physiological Mechanisms and their Variability for Drought Tolerance in Cassava

    Goal: Contribute to a reduction in poverty in drought prone rural environments through increased food security and income generation. Purpose: Enhancing yield and yield stability of cassava in these environments

  • Post harvest innovations: enhancing performance at the interface of supply and utilisation

    Objectives: New knowledge is generated and promoted into how national innovation systems can be mobilised to sustain uptake and adoption of CPH knowledge for the benefit of the poor. Background: Household food security remains precarious for large numbers of people in the rural areas of Tanzania and Zimbabwe, and food production levels show little or no increase. Post harvest service provision and supporting research initiatives have focussed on the development of technologies with little attention being paid to distinguishing between the needs and priorities of different households or to understanding delivery system constraints. The project will identify constraints and opportunities at the supply-utilisation interface associated with 'responsiveness' and 'demand' respectively. The resulting practical insights and policy recommendations for in-country post-harvest knowledge management will expressly facilitate a more equitable or 'inclusive' approach to addressing rural poverty.


    Crop production figures are normally adjusted for post harvest (PH) loss in order to obtain the estimates of food availability on which any relief actions are based. To date, the origin and justification of figures used to make adjustments for PH losses have not been well founded. To remedy this situation, MARS-Food Sec, in association with AIDCO and FAO, has commissioned a project to obtain more realistic figures for the PH losses of cereal grains.

  • Promotion and dissemination of integrated pest and soil fertility management strategies to combat striga, stemborers and declining soil fertility in the Lake Victoria basin

    Objectives: Disseminate integrated pest and soil fertility management (IPSFM) options against stemborers, Striga, and declining soil fertility for maize-based production systems in the Lake Victoria Basin. Background: Maize is the most important food crop of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The major constraints to maize production, as perceived by farmers in the Lake Victoria region, are Striga hermonthica, stem borers, and low soil fertility. Under the ongoing DFID-funded Project (R8212), ICIPE, CIMMYT, TSBF-CIAT, Rothamsted Research and various national programmes are testing and disseminating integrated pest and soil fertility management approaches/strategies (IPSFM), in particular against striga, stemborers, and declining soil fertility in the Lake Victoria Basin of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. This project is helping to enhance food security, income generation, and environmental sustainability leading to reduction in poverty in the Lake Victoria basin of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, and will result in an overall improvement in livelihood status.

  • Promotion of bean pest IPM

    Objectives: Promotion of integrated pest management strategies of major insect pests of Phaseolus beans in hillsides systems in eastern, central and southern Africa. Background: The novel approach developed in Project R7965 for disseminating and promoting bean IPM options from community to community was in the past one year, incorporating the outputs from the other cluster projects into the promotion exercise to scale out to communities. While increasingly utilising the framework and uptake mechanisms of the bean networks (ECABREN, SABRN and PABRA), the participatory approach (modified farmer field school- MFFS) has helped to intensify and extend activities in Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, DR Congo and Rwanda, and helped to create awareness in Madagascar, Mozambique, Zambia and Sudan.

  • Promotion of control measures for cassava brown streak disease

    Objectives: Ecology and epidemiology of cassava brown streak disease understood, and improved control methods and strategies developed and promoted. Background: Cassava plays a vital role in sustainable livelihoods in the coastal districts of eastern and southern Africa, where it is the preferred staple. Although CBSD was first reported more than 70 years ago, in recent times it was first recognised as the cause of significant crop loss in 1994 by NRI scientists working on cassava mosaic disease[CMD]. Some research on CBSD was included in one of the CMD projects showing that CBSD was widely distributed in the coastal regions and that the damaging symptom was root necrosis and this symptom was related to the foliar symptoms of CBSD. In 1996 project R6765 was the first one to focus primarily on CBSD showing that cultivars with tolerance to root necrosis could be found among the 'local cassava cultivars'. A collection of these cultivars was made which were screened for their reaction to both CBSD and CMD and virus free stocks obtained by repeated selection.

  • Promotion of Integrated Crop and Pest Management (ICPM) for smallholder coffee

    Objectives: Benefits for poor people generated by application of new knowledge on crop protection to smallholder coffee. Background: In 1996, the smallholder sector was in turmoil with poor prices being paid to farmers and coffee gardens neglected. Socio-economic surveys were conducted to assess the main constraints as perceived by the coffee smallholders. Farmers felt they were being unfairly treated by the Smallholder Coffee Authority [SCA] and inputs were difficult to get. Most coffee research was oriented to the estate sector in southern Malawi, and there was no information on the status of pests and diseases in the north. A previous project undertook extensive pests and disease surveys. This was followed by an eighteen month project to turn the findings of the previous project into an integrated crop and pest management system, to develop a control measure for WSB and to develop a participatory approach to promotion of the system. It is only now that the first planted Catimors are coming into full bearing and the agricultural and socio-economic advantages and disadvantages can be fully assessed.

  • Promotion of models generating national economic benefits through the control of foreign fisheries

    To engage national agencies within Kenya and Tanzania to increase local capacity for developing MCS strategies for the control of foreign fisheries. To increase national and regional awareness of new case studies and previous FMSP project outcomes and cientific literature.

  • Promotion of neglected indigenous vegetable crops (IV) for nutritional health in Eastern and Southern Africa (Phase II)

    Goal: To improve household food security of resource-poor groups in Eastern and Southern Africa by; 1) Safeguarding biodiversity of indigenous vegetables (IVs), 2) reducing malnutrition and poverty among small-scale farmers and consumers through promotion, production and consumption of IVs and 3) diversifying and stabilizing farmers’ income and nutritional health through higher quality seed and improved cultivation practices of IV crops Purpose: To enhance genetic resource base, technology dissemination and improved seed of IVs to safeguard biodiversity for better health, nutrition and improved income

  • Promotion of neglected indigenous vegetable crops for nutritional health in Eastern and Southern Africa

    Major Research Domain: vegetables, neglected crops, hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureus), African eggplants (Solanum aethiopicum, S. Macrocarpon, S. Anguivi), Amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) Ethiopian Mustard (Brassica carinata), Spiderflower (Gynandropsis gynandra), Jute Mallow (Corchorus olitorius), Nightshades (Solanum scabrum, S. americanum, S. villosum, S. Nigrum), Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus, A. Caillei), Pumpkin (Curcubita pepo, C. moschata), Moringa (Moringa olifera), Hyacinth Bean (lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet, syn. Dolichus lablab L., Lablab niger Medik, Vegetable Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) Goal: To improve household food security of resource-poor groups in Eastern and Southern Africa through better uitilization of neglected indigenous vegetables

  • Safe food, fair food: Building capacity to improve the safety of animal-source foods and ensure continued market access for poor farmers in sub Saharan Africa

    Goal: The goal of the project is to contribute to poverty alleviation by protecting both the health of low-income consumers and livestock-based livelihoods of the poor through improved food safety of livestock products in domestic markets in east, west and southern Africa. Purpose: The purpose of the project is to establish capacity for the sustained promotion of risk-based approaches thus improving food safety and participation of the poor in informal markets for livestock products in sub Saharan Africa.

  • Soil conservation management in Southeast Tanzania

    To contribute to the development of sustainable land management practices in Southeast Tanzania with special attention to soil conservation techniques.

  • Sustainable conservation and utilization of genetic resources of two underutilized crops - finger millet and foxtail millet - to enhance productivity, nutrition and income in Africa and Asia

    The goal is to enhance rural livelihoods and household food and nutritional security in the finger millet and foxtail millet growing areas of Africa and South Asia through cultivation of adapted, higher-yielding and stable cultivars of two underutilized crops - finger millet and foxtail millet.To achieve this goal, the project will assist NARS in the target countries to more effectively utilize genetic diversity of locally adapted finger millet germplasm in their breeding programs.

  • The Good Seed Initiative - sharing the learning from CPP programmes into pro-poor seed systems in East Africa

    Objectives: Measures to ensure the quality and health of farm-saved and traded seed among the poor taken up and institutionalised within the operation of East African institutions, national legislation and procedures. Background: In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), seed saved from farmers' own harvests is the dominant seed source for 80-90% of smallholder farmers, both for use by the growers' themselves and for sharing through social networks. It is estimated that as much as 30% of kale seed used by smallholder farmers in Kenya is produced by the informal seed sector. This seed is available, affordable, trusted by farmers, and has many known and valued uses. In addition, the informal seed sector includes NGOs, and other groups who multiply seed for distribution to other farmers and farmers who produce seeds for their own future use

  • VLIR-IUC Partnership SUA: Capacity building in pest management

    Capacity building in pest management : the ecology, biodiversity and taxonomy of rodents and pest management. Factors that determine the fluctuations in population sizes with emphasis on weather conditions, predator-prey relations and the role of dispersal are examined. Populations of rodents are examined in Africa. The acquired information is combined to develop population models that may be used to investigate, to predict and to simulate fluctuations in population sizes. These population-models, combined with the knowledge on rodents that have an economical value (pest), make it possible to develop ecologically based rodent management strategies to prevent damage in agriculture. Coordinator: Prof. H. Leirs

  • VLIR-IUC Partnership SUA: Capacity building in training and research for the Faculty of Science

    Capacity building in training and research for the Faculty of Science. Coordinator: Prof. W. Baeyens (VUB) and Dr Y Muzanila (SUA).

  • VLIR-IUC Partnership SUA: Soil and water management and conservation of the Uluguru mountains

    To contribute to the development of sustainable land management practices in Southeast Tanzania with special attention to soil conservation techniques. This project is under coordination of Prof. J. Deckers (KULeuven) and Dr. M. Kilasara (SUA). Data collected from the Uluguru Mountains revealed high degree of land degradation associated with poor soil fertility, encroachment of the forest resources and limited or inadequate supply of water resources to meet irrigation requirements. This situation coupled with the use of low levels of fertilizer has contributed to low household income and inability of the farmers to combat further degradation of their land, forestry and water resources The farmers need to be empowered in order to redress their unfavourable economic situation and hence create the capacity to conserve their natural resources.

  • VLIR-IUC Partnership SUA: Strengthening of the Sokoine National Agriculture Library

    Strengthening of the ICT and human resource development for Sokoine National Agriculture Library (SNAL) Coordinator: Prof. P. Van Nieuwenhuysen

  • VLIR-IUC Partnership with Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA)

    This Partnership programme runs for 10 years (1997-2006) under coordination of Prof. L. D´Haese from the University of Antwerp (UA) and coordination of Dr. P.W. Mtakwa from the Sokoine University of Agriculture. The programme consists of 6 projects: Strengthening of usage of information and communication technology at SUA; Strengthening of the ICT and human resource development for Sokoine National Agriculture Library (SNAL); Capacity building in pest management : the ecology, biodiversity and taxonomy of rodents and pest management; Soil and water conservation on the Uluguru Mountains; Capacity building in training and research for the Faculty of Science; Programme support project.